Composites provide many structural and weight advantages over conventional vehicle parts made from steel and injection. The key benefits of composites in automotive applications are in cost savings, weight reduction and recyclability which are help making vehicles lighter safer and more fuel-efficient. In an accident, composites can also meet or even exceed safety criteria, since when compressed, they can be designed to absorb considerably more energy than traditional metals.
Since carbon fiber provides many advantages over steel or aluminum — light weight, high strength, toughness, weather-resistance. Using various fiber types whose layup is optimized with rapidly evolving design software packages provides a material that can meet many structural requirements of automobiles.
For example, every 100 lb/45 kg weight reduction in a vehicle increases fuel efficiency by 2 to 3 percent, and when the total weight is decreased, other components, including engine, transmission, brakes, suspension, batteries, etc., can be downsized.
According to the forecasts, composites on automotive industry will grow to almost 11,000 metric tonnes by 2025.
As a consequence of usage composite material in automotive industry;
- Gained Fuel Efficiency
- Cost Reduction
- Weight Reduction
- Increased Safety
- High mechanical properties
Frequently usage of composites:
- Transmission shafts
- Suspension parts
- Battery parts
- Interior parts